Wat Thepthidaram on Mahachai Road is across the road from the old Fort Mahakarn community. Rama III built this temple in 1836, another of the many temples he built during his reign. The temple was built in honor of HRH Prince Apsorn Sudathep.
Characteristic of temples built during the Third Reign, the wat has a Thai structure with a distinct Chinese decor.
The gables of the buildings are embedded with Chinese porcelain pieces; numerous old Chinese statues can be seen in the temple grounds.
Four old prangs, rectangular columns with sculptured surfaces reminiscent of the Ayuthaya or Khmer periods, stand at each corner of the ubosot or ordination hall which houses a white marble Buddha statue.
Sunthorn Phu (1786 – 1856) the famous Thai poet, considered the Shakespeare of Thai literature, was ordained as a monk here. Ironically, he lived here after he fell out of favor with King Rama III, over poetry of all things!
The quarters, where he spent three years of his tumultuous life, are preserved at the rear of the temple compound. Some of his unpublished manuscripts were left in his quarters after his death. But unfortunately these have been destroyed by the humidity and pests.
Wat Thepthidaram was declared a national monument by the Fine Arts Department in 1977. In 1986, UNESCO honored Sunthorn Phu for his outstanding cultural contributions, 131 years after his death. He was awarded the title, Great Personality of the World for his contributions to mankind.
In June 2006, the Silapakorn University of Fine Arts announced that the living quarters of the great Thai poet, Sunthorn Phu, in the temple grounds will be turned into a museum.
The museum called the House of the Great Poet will preserve the life and works of Sunthorn Phu to encourage more people to read his works.
Unfortunately the temple is not in a very good state of repair at the time of this visit in 2004. Things haven't improved in a recent visit in 2007. However that can’t detract from its historical legacy.
It was a temple built by King Rama III and lived in by Thailand’s greatest poet.
Map to Wat Thepthidaram
The locations of Wat Ratchanatdaram, Wat Thepthidaram and Wat Saket are presented in one map as these three royal temples are in close proximity to one another.
These three temples are located near at the busy Fort Mahakarn junction where Central Ratchadamneon Avenue fans out into multiple roads.
Prominent landmarks at this junction are Wat Saket, the temple on the golden mount, Fort Mahakarn at the foot of the mount and the black spires of Loha Prasart.
Wat Thepthidaram is about 300 m further down Maha Chai Road, opposite the century old Fort Mahakarn community.
How to get there
Air-conditioned bus services no 79 from the Ratchaprasong junction – Central World Plaza – Pratunam (in front of Grand Diamond Pratunam Hotel) goes to Ratchadamnoen Avenue.
Get off when you see the spires of the temple on the golden mount, Fort Mahakarn or the spires of Loha Prasart.
For the temple where Sunthorn Phu attended school, visit Wat Sri Sudaram.
For other Bangkok Temples