Bangkok Museums
   a rich tapestry of Thai history
and culture

By Eric Lim

There are presently about 184 Bangkok museums in the city and these can be grouped into Palace museums, special museums, Kings' museums and community museums. 

Start your tour of Bangkok museums with the National Museum Bangkok which traces the history of early Thai civilizations and the history of the various kingdoms.

This will give the visitor an overview of the history of the kingdom. 

Next stop in our tour, we visit the Palace Museums which were former royal residences carefully restored to depict the life of that era.

Palace museums 

Let's start with the Suan Pakkad Palace Museum the former royal residence of Prince Chumbhot and his wife Mom Rajawongse Pantip. Besides the family heirlooms, this museum displays the rare Ban Chiang Collection from a civilization that is more than 5,000 years old!

Suan Pakkad Palace

Another Bangkok museum, a former palace with an interesting history, is the Varadis Palace the former residence of Prince Damrong who played a significant role in Thai history. Varadis Palace is now a museum and library dedicated to his memory.

Special museums 

These Bangkok museums cover special aspects of the history and culture of Thailand.

The Bank of Thailand Museum is one of those very special Bangkok museums. The museum is in the Bang Khun Prom Palace within the premises of the Central Bank of Thailand. The former residence of HRH Prince Paribatra Sukhumbhand, son of King Chulalongkorn, this museum depicts the history of Thai currency from the days of the ancient beads, seeds and bracelets till the present forms.

The history of the Thai labour movement from the days of slavery to the present is presented in the Thai Labour Museum. 

Thai Labour Museum

For a display of Thai traditions costumes and culture in miniature form, visit the Bangkok Dolls Museum. 

Bangkok Dolls Museum

A very gruesome aspect of Thai prison history and prison life is recorded in the Bangkok Corrections Museum. 

Kamthieng House a traditional Lanna home in the grounds of the Siam Society in Soi Asoke, preserves the old Lanna architecture and culture from northern Thailand. 

Kamthieng House

For something that's really different and somewhat gruesome, see the Siriraj Medical Museums. 

The Museum of Buddhist Art is reputed to have the biggest collection of Buddha statues, sculptures and figurines based on Buddhist art from old kingdoms dating back to the 6th century AD. 

Traditional Thai art takes a unique twist in the Erawan Museum which displays old Buddha statues in a highly unusual structure with the gigantic three-headed Erawan on the dome. 

Erawan Museum

Some of these Buddha statues are as old as the ones in the Museum of Buddhist Art, though much lesser in number. 

To review the Thai postal and stamp history spanning over more than 120 years, please visit the Philatelic Museum. 

Related to stamps, please see this article Old Stamps on impressions from the 20th Asian International Stamp Exhibition in Bangkok in August 2007. 

For the latest Bangkok Museum that depicts 2,000 years of Thai history in an innovative style, visit the Museum Siam for a very different museum experience. 

Museum Siam

For an outdoor museum that is unrivalled anywhere else, visit Muang Boran or the Ancient City in Samut Prakan just outside Bangkok. 

The displays of scaled models or life sized replicas of ancient ruins, monuments, buildings which provide an excellent insight into the ethnic and cultural heritage of Thailand. 

Muang Boran the Ancient City

Another special museum is the Thailand Railway Hall of Fame which preserves the history of rail travel in Thailand since the late 1800s. 

Thailand Railway Hall of Fame

For a very interesting provincial museum preserving the history, culture, art and craft of its communities, visit the Museum of Nonthaburi which is in an old province just north of Bangkok. 

Museum of Nonthaburi

For the history of the Government Savings Bank of Thailand, please the Savings Bank Museum which has some nostalgic images of banking in the early days. 

Savings Bank Museum

Another special museum is the Museum of Floral Culture which displays exquisite Asian and Thai floral designs in an old colonial bungalow set in a lush tropical garden. 

Museum of Floral Culture

For the history of mass communications in Thailand since the inception of radio and television broadcasting and public relations, please see the Broadcasting Museum, Bangkok. 

The first TV station in Thailand and Southeast Asia

Baan Bang Khen is really special, it’s not just a museum, it’s a cluster of museums. It consists of a number of museums in specially constructed old houses with each house exhibiting displays that preserve an aspect of everyday life more than half a century ago.

Traditional Chinese Medicine Shop

The House of Museums a quaint museum located in Thawi Watthana district on the outskirts of Bangkok is the brainchild of Anake Nawigamune. The exhibits preserves the livelihoods of the small traders and shopkeepers and replicas of their old shops in neighbourhood markets from the earlier half of the 20th C onwards.

House of Museums

Suksasom Museum is an extraordinary collector's museum with more than 300,000 items on display accumulated over 30 years, it's the fulfilment of one man's dream to leave a legacy for posterity.

Suksasom Museum

The latest special museum is the Patpong Museum which opened in 2019. The museum traces the origin of this well-known Patpong entertainment area famous for its raunchy bars, loud music and scantily dressed dancing girls. Not many visitors to the place would know that it also held a dark secret. 

Patpong Museum

Kings' Museums 

The Kings' Museums make up another group of Bangkok museums. These museums were not royal palaces before but now house museums dedicated to former Chakri Kings.

The King Rama VI Museum within the Territorial Defence Department is a military museum dedicated to King Vajiravudh, a Sandhurst graduate, who had a keen interest in the military. 

King Rama VI Museum

The King Rama VII Museum preserves the personal history and life of King Prajadhipok, the last absolute monarch whose reign saw the watershed in Thai political history. 

King Rama VII Museum

Community museums 

The next category of Bangkok museums consists of the community museums. These are museums recording the history and life style of the local communities in the area.

The Bangkok Folk Museum in Bangrak was previously a family home carefully preserved to reflect the lifestyle in Bangkok in the early 20th century. 

Bangkok Folk Museum

Co-located with the Folk Museum is the Bangrak Museum a community museum which preserves the history and quaint memories of old Bangrak district in the 1800s - early 1900s.

The Samphanthawong Museum in Yaowarat Chinatown Bangkok is a pictorial history of the early Chinese immigrants, their lives and contributions. 

Samphanthawong Museum

In July 2005, the Bangkok Metropolitan Authority announced plans to establish 23 more community museums. 

Each of these Bangkok museums will preserve the history, culture and life-styles of the communities in the various Bangkok districts. 

The Bangkok Noi Museum a community museum on the Thonburi bank,traces the history of the old Bangkok community in the pre-Rattanakosin era, before Bangkok became the capital. 

The Bang Khun Thien Museum another community museum on the Thonburi bank, traces the history of Bangkok's coastal community near the only seafront in Bangkok. 

Klong San Museum is one of the 23 community museums established in the second phase. This museum covers another old community on the west bank of the Chao Phraya just after you have crossed the Taksin Bridge. 

Old sailing ships moored of Klong San

Phra Khanong Museum is a Bangkok museum that preserves the history of Phra Khanong district which was very different in the past. It was an agricultural area with rice fields and orchards. However one legacy has lingered on which is the legend of the famous female ghost Mae Nak Phra Khanong. 

Rice fields of old Phra Khanong

Lat Krabang Museum features the culture, festivals and way of life of the Mon people, a very old community, who live in Lat Krabang district in eastern Bangkok where old traditions are still practiced.

Alms-giving in Lat Krabang

Chom Thong Museum is a Bangkok Community Museum preserving the memories of the way of life in Chom Thong, an old district on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River since the Ayutthaya period.

Wat Sai floating market in old Chom Thong

Yannawa Museum covers the history of Yannawa district in Bangkok that used to have fruit orchards, vegetable gardens and fishermen. The district got its name from Wat Yannawa, the boat temple.

Life back then in Yannawa

The Thawi Watthana Museum preserves the history and way of life of one of the few agricultural districts in Bangkok. The situation today is very different as the country atmosphere gives way to that of a residential suburb.

Rice field in old Thawi Watthana

The Rat Burana Museum a community museum preserves the history of another former agricultural district in Bangkok on the Chao Phraya that used to be areca plantations, fruit orchards and rice mills. 

Areca plantation in Rat Burana

The Nong Chok Museum is a community museum that preserves the history of another agricultural district on the outskirts of Bangkok where the way of life still has that pleasant rural atmosphere.

Rice field in Nong Chok today

Though it’s a community museum, the Pipit Banglamphu Museum isn’t under the administration of the Bangkok Metropolitan Authority. The museum preserves the history of the communities in Banglamphu, their handicraft and way of life with very innovative displays and exhibits.

Pipit Banglamphu Museum

House Museums

Another category of Bangkok museums are house museums, former homes that have been turned into museums to preserve a special aspect of life in the past. Luang Ritthinarongron House Museum was the former home of a Thai nobleman in the 19th C which preserves the lifestyle in old Bangkok Yai on the west bank of the Chao Phraya.

Luang Ritthinarongron House Museum

The Baan Kudichin Museum is a privately-owned community museum run by a family who is part of the Kudichin Community. It traces the history of the Portuguese in Siam and the origins of this old Portuguese-Thai community in Thonburi that dates back 250 years to the days of old Siam.

The rooster at the Baan Kudichin Museum

Related to the subject of the Portuguese in Siam, the Portuguese Embassy Bangkok a historical building represents 500 years of friendship and 200 years of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

Portuguese Embassy Bangkok

The number of Bangkok museums gives an idea of the richness and diversity of the Thai history and culture and the impact of these influences on Thai society. 

My Journey through Thailand Part I The First Steps

This is my second e-book and the first in the series of travel journals on my trips to explore the various provinces in Thailand. This edition, which covers my travels from late 2009 to mid-2013, will guide you to historical sites, cultural monuments and exquisite Thai handicraft, across a vast spectrum of cultural and ethnic diversity.

You can have a virtual tour with this e-guide book or take the first steps yourself in this journey through Thailand.

My Kindle e-book

My Smashwords edition

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Bangkok Museums 

Baan Bang Khen

Baan Kudichin Museum

Bang Khun Thien Museum 

Bangrak Museum 

Bangkok Corrections Museum 

Bangkok Dolls Museum 

Bangkok Folk Museum 

Bangkok Noi Museum 

Bank of Thailand Museum 

Chom Thong Museum

Erawan Museum

 House of Museums

Kamthieng House 

King Rama VI Museum 

King Rama VII Museum 

Klong San Museum 

Lat Krabang Museum

Luang Ritthinarongron House

Muang Boran 

Museum of Buddhist Art 

Museum of Floral Culture 

Museum of Nonthaburi 

Museum Siam 

Nong Chok Museum

Patpong Museum

Phra Khanong Museum 

Philatelic Museum 

Pipit Banglamphu Museum

Rat Burana Museum

Samphathawong Museum 

Savings Bank Museum 

Siriraj Medical Museums 

Suan Pakkad Palace Museum 

Suksasom Museum

Thai Labour Museum 

Thailand Railway Hall of Fame 

Thawi Watthana Museum

Varadis Palace 

Yannawa Museum

Special feature articles 

Antique Siamese maps

History of Thai currency

Old Bangkok maps

Old Stamps

Portuguese Embassy Bangkok

Thai Bronzeware